Judges 6:11a
The exact location of Ophrah is unknown, but it was evi?dent?ly situated somewhere in western Manasseh.  To this place a di?vine messenger came.  Since this angel is later described as YHWH (v. 14), we can safely assume this was a preincarnate manifesta?tion of the second Person of the trinity.

Judges 6:11b
At Ophrah the angel found the son of Joash preparing food in secret to keep it from being stolen.  Gideon could not use a reg?u?lar threshing floor because they were usually located in exposed places near open fields.  Threshing in such an open place, with a large animal, would attract the attention of the Midianites.
Gideon chose to thresh his wheat by hand in a private place.  Winepresses were large tanks, often carved in rock, where grapes were trodden.  A drain allowed juice to run into a vat.  Wine?presses were usually found in secluded places such as gardens or caves.
It is no coincidence Gideon was alone when God came to him.  The Lord usually deals with us away from the bustle and hurry of the world.  Solitude encourages communion with God.

Judges 6:12
This sounds almost like a taunt.  Gideon was show?ing any?thing but valor; he was scared to death.  “He felt that he was a prisoner, almost stealing his own bread” (Parker).
However, YHWH saw what Gideon could become.  His potential was buried in obscurity, but a great test would soon reveal Gide?on’s greatness.  Great trials reveal great believers.  Gideon’s sun was shining; it was merely hid behind a cloud.  His valor was unknown even to himself, he was unconscious of his own potential.

Judges 6:13
Gideon, not immediately realizing the exact nature of his un?expected guest, blurted out some hard thoughts he had been har?boring about God.  Gideon was wallowing in self-pity and found it easy to blame Israel’s troubles on God’s mismanagement.  Gideon had obviously overlooked his people’s sins.  This is understanda?ble.  In times of trouble, it is easier to blame God than to get His people to repent.  However, rest assured, when the Church can ?not find God’s strength, the problem is in her, not in God.
Though his words conveyed frustration, there was also a pos?itive factor in his sentiments.  He was burdened for his people.  This has always been a prime characteristic of God’s choice ser?vants.  Gideon identified himself with his people.  They were an extension of his own self.  May God grant us all a stronger sense of community.
Gideon had insight enough to know something was dreadfully wrong in Israel.  Even as he was grinding wheat, his thoughts were on the grinding of Israel.  Something was amiss.  There was obviously no evidence anywhere of God’s blessing.  If God’s power were on Israel, Gideon would not have been hiding behind a wine?press.

Judges 6:14
“From threshing corn he is fetched to thresh the Midianites” (Henry).  The Lord was not angered by Gideon’s straightforward re??marks.  God knew the man’s doubts were more an expression of a broken heart than of a rebellious spirit.  God had found someone who cared.  This is the type of person the Lord wants to use; He needs someone with a burden.
A brokenhearted man can achieve the heroic.  When one hurts bad enough to cry out to the Lord, victory can be won.  God uses men who are miserable within due to the plight of His peo?ple.
Where are there men filled with sorrow and shame over the present state of God’s people?  No wonder a deliverer has not yet come.

Judges 6:15
There is both good and bad in Gideon’s hesitation here.  At least he was not suffering from overactive pride.  This is good, for “God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble” (1 P 5:5).  “Before honor is humility” (PR 15:33).  “Pride goeth be?fore destruction” (PR 16:18).
The lack of pride was good, but it was bad for Gideon to car??ry his humility to excess.  He had a hyper-humility, which saw only himself and did not look unto the Lord for strength.  All he could see was his own self.  Gideon was walking by sight, not faith.
Would he have felt better if his father’s family had been the greatest in Manasseh?  Would this not have been a leaning to the arm of flesh?  The very way in which Gideon was speaking showed he was not ready to put his complete trust in YHWH.  When this happens, one has become “too” humble.
Gideon had to “get fully to the end of himself.  He must be done with his humility as well as his pride.  He speaks of the pov?erty of his family, of his own insignificance in his fath?er’s house.  But what have these to do with the living God?  Little “I” is as great a hindrance as great “I.”  It is not self, good or bad, that is to be before us; weak or strong “I” are to be alike refused, that God alone may have the glory” (Ridout).

Judges 6:16
“I will be with thee”–this would be Gideon’s might.  Based on this fact, he would be invincible.  Gideon’s natural qualities had to be enhanced by a higher power.  “God takes men as they are and makes them what they are not.”
We must have this to overcome Satanic might.  The presence of the Lord yields victory.  The sinner who wars in his own might will soon discover his own folly.  We do not need more positive thinking; we need a more powerful Presence.
Gideon has now received a promise and must move forward on the basis of it.  Faith lives and moves upon the promises of God.  They are its food and sustenance.  The promises are the essence of faith’s might.

Judges 6:17
This is all too much for Gideon.  He needed a sign to con?vince him he was in his right mind.  Gideon feared this whole thing might be a dream, a hallucination, a hoax, or even deceit.  His response is similar to that displayed by the disciples after the resurrection of Jesus.  They “believed not for joy, and won?dered” (LK 24:41).  The disciples also needed a sign to remove doubt and bolster faith.

Judges 6:18
Gideon wanted to buy a little time to sort out things in his mind.  He also wanted to show the messenger kindness, which is ever a mark of God’s greatest saints.

Judges 6:19
In addition to preparing a whole goat, including meat and gra?vy, Gideon used an ephah (approximately equivalent to our bush??el) of flour to make unleavened cakes, which could be made rapidly.  This huge amount of food was offered not only to pro?vide one meal for the messenger, but also to give him provision for his journey.

Judges 6:20
Gideon is told to put the meat and bread, covered with gra?vy, on a rock.

Judges 6:21
The food which was supposed to be a meal suddenly became a sacrifice.  Its consumption by fire pictured Divine acceptance.  Also, the messenger did not walk away as a man, but rather van?ished as a spirit.
YHWH had given Gideon a sign to help his faltering faith.  God has no delight in seeing His people vanquished by terror and alarm.  He will do all He can to minister to us and strengthen our weak faith.  One of my favorite Scriptural promises is con?tained in both Testaments:  “A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench” (Isaiah 42:3; MT 12:20).