Judges 6:22
Gideon now fully realized the nature of his Guest.  The Divine suddenly dawned upon his mind.  God had been there, and Gideon was afraid.  Having been in the presence of YHWH, Gideon feared death.  God had told Moses, “There shall no man see Me, and live” (EX 33:20).
Until Jesus came, men did not understand there was a way whereby God could reveal and veil Himself at the same time.  YHWH can manifest Himself to man without harm through His only begot?ten Son.  Jesus veils God’s effluence and brilliance enough for men to look upon Him and yet live.  Jesus is “the brightness of His glory, and the express image of His person” (HB 1:3), but His flesh serves as a veil (HB 10:20).  Not only can we look upon Him and not die; we must look upon Him in order to live.

Judges 6:23
YHWH reassures Gideon and blesses him with the promise of peace.  “The peace of God is the best preparation for strife.  It gives courage, it leaves the heart at leisure to fling all its power into the conflict” (Maclaren).
The peace of God saves one from having to fight on an added front, against his own con?science.  When the battle is raging on the outside, we had best have an inner chamber where all is at peace.

Judges 6:24
Grateful for the peace received from God, Gideon erected a monument and called it Jehovah-Shalom (YHWH is peace).  It com?mem?orated the fact God was well-disposed toward Gideon.  The mar?k?er would also be a reminder to Gideon of the day he heard and saw things he had never experienced before.

Judges 6:25
God gives Gideon a difficult assignment:  to exalt YHWH in his own pagan home.  Gideon’s rule had to begin by setting things right in his own house.
God’s work must always expand from the center.  It begins at home and then spreads therefrom.
Before Moses could lead Israel, he had to circumcise his own sons (EX 4:24-26).  Othniel judged Israel first (JG 3:10), and then went to war against the king of Mesopotamia.
Gideon is to offer a seven-year-old bullock to YHWH.  This was probably intended to picture the fact Midian’s seven-year oppression was about to “go up in smoke.”

Judges 6:26
Before the Israelites could be delivered from Midian, they had to be delivered from their own sins.  The first commandment had to be reinstated.  Israel must have no other gods before YHWH.  Baal’s altar had to be destroyed, and YHWH’s erected.  The grove, wooden pillars built in honor of the fertility goddess, would serve as kindling for the burnt offering to YHWH.

Judges 6:27
Though frightened, Gideon obeyed immediately.  His quick re?sponse helped insure success.  Procrastination devastates reli?gious zeal.  
Like Nicodemus, Gideon chose the cover of night.  He wanted to avoid any resistance from the local citizenry.  Though Gideon did not display overwhelming courage, the task was done and this is all that mattered.
Gideon was scared, but nevertheless obeyed God.  Faith is not always fearless, but is always obedient.  However scared you are, do your duty and leave your safety in God’s hands.

Judges 6:28-30
The local people, shocked to find their shrine torn down, de?manded the death of Gideon.  What a perversion!  God’s original intention had been for all idolaters to be executed.  However, popular sentiment had changed so drastically that these Israel?ites were demanding the death of a true worshipper of YHWH.

Judges 6:31
Since the local shrine had been situated on Joash’s proper?ty, everyone assumed he would show intense loyalty to Baal.  How?ever, the actions of his own son shamed Joash into his right mind.  He knew Gideon was right and now realized the wickedness of his own idolatry.  Joash unexpectedly displayed contempt for a god who could not maintain his own sacred altars.

Judges 6:32
Joash challenges the people to let Baal fight his own bat?tles.  Gideon is nicknamed “Jerubbaal,” which means “Let Baal con?tend.”  In other words, let Baal fight and take up his own cause.
Every time men looked at Gideon, they would know he was a walking challenge for Baal to prove himself.  Gideon’s new name would serve as a constant reminder of Baal’s impotence.  Every victory by Gideon was a blatant mockery of Baal’s utter weakness.
A similar situation occurred in 1548 in the life of Scot?land’s great Protestant Reformer, John Knox.  Due to his preach?ing, he was imprisoned on a French slave ship.  One day Knox re?fused to kiss a wooden image of the virgin Mary.  When it was pushed violently against his face, he jerked it away, threw it overboard and shouted, “Let our Lady now save herself:  she is light enough; let her learn to swim.”  Since Knox suffered no visible judgments from Heaven, his persecutors began leaving him alone, and his fellow sufferers began looking upon him as their leader.
The mission field of Tahiti yields another comparable inci?dent.  When King Pomare gave up heathenism, he ordered a chief to chop his gods in pieces.  While heathen priests stood nearby, threatening divine wrath, the chief began his work with trembling hand.  However, as he proceeded, no wrath fell from heaven, and he gained new confidence with every blow of the ax.
Pomare also commanded that Cero, the god of war, be commit?ted to flames.  The king’s troops surrounded the pagan temple and began taunting the gods, saying, “Now, ye gods, if ye be gods, and have any power, come forth, and avenge these insults!”  The people of Tahiti were amazed at the impotence of their gods.  At last the temple was pulled down.  Troops poured shots into the idols before the graven images were burned to ashes.

Judges 6:33
The valley of Jezreel was sometimes called “the meadows of God.”  How grievous it must have been for the Israelites to see these fertile fields trodden down by the feet of invaders.  The Midianites descended from a son of Abraham and Keturah.  The Ama?lekites were descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Esau.

Judges 6:34a
The spirit of the Lord came upon Gideon; or more literally, the spirit of YHWH clothed Himself with Gideon.  The word is used in Genesis 28:20 to describe a man putting on his clothes.  The Holy Spirit became man-clad; Gideon became the garment of God.  The metaphor denotes the fact the Spirit took full possession of Gideon.
The same description is used of only two other men in Scrip?ture.  By this special anointing, Amasai was able to declare his loyalty to David (1 Chron. 12:18).  This special indwelling of the Spirit allowed Zechariah the priest to speak boldly against Israel’s sins and to suffer martyrdom (2 Chron. 24:20-21).
Every morning, Howard Hendricks would pray, “Lord, here I am.  I want to be your suit of clothes today.  I want you to take me and use me.  Lord, walk around in me today.”

Judges 6:34b-35
Men rallied to Gideon from every corner of Israel.  The men of Abiezer, who had recently threatened Gideon’s death, became the first to support him.  By setting an example at home, Gideon received respect at home.