The Advantages Israel Enjoyed
Prepared by Dr. John E. Marshall
Paul loved his kin and fellow countrymen, the Jews. The Apostle had great respect for their privileges and was quick to admit their advantages.
Romans 9:4b …and to them belong the adoption, …
This name Israel connected the Jews to the man who wrestled with God and received His blessing (Gen. 32:28, Hosea 12:3). The title “Israelite” is dear to all Jews. They have always considered it a designation of honor.
Distinguished from Earth’s other nations, the Israelites were adopted as God’s special family. YHWH commanded Moses to tell Pharaoh, “This is what Yahweh says: Israel is My firstborn son” (Exodus 4:22).
Romans 9:4c …the glory, …
This is the splendor of light that shown among the Israelites to prove God’s special presence among them. It went before them in the wilderness and rested above the Mercy Seat in the Holy of Holies (Exodus 40:34).
Romans 9:4d …the covenants, …
A covenant is an agreement for mutual profit based on stipulations. It is amazing to think God would enter into any kind of covenant with sinners.
Nevertheless, God made a covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (Gen. 17:2; 26:3; 28:13). God promised to bless all the earth through them.
YHWH made another covenant, promising an eternal dynasty of kings would proceed from David (2 Sa